King Arthur) whereas a leader can be anyone as long as they give orders and assist those that he leads(eg. They might be a mother, father, wife, husband, or best friend — whoever they are, they’ll do anything to protect their child, ward, lover, or best bud. The Hero – In its simplest form, this character is the one ultimately who may fulfill a necessary task and who will restore fertility, harmony, and/or justice to a community. Carl Jung, one of the forefathers of psychoanalysis, suggested that they are part of the human collective unconscious. Examples: Hercules, Odysseus, Aragorn from Lord of the Rings, and any Tom Cruise character. Our protagonist might encounter some sort of mentor character, who will prepare them for the trials ahead. Jung believed that everyone was born with what he coined the collective unconscious. Character archetypes are broad character types that represent aspects of human nature that transcend time, location, and circumstance. If a seductress is involved, the moral of the tale is almost always, “Don’t believe anything that’s too good to be true.”. A character archetype in novel terms is a type of character who represents a universal pattern, and therefore appeals to our human ‘collective unconscious’ . They don't like being exploited or used. The different archetypes each have strengths and weaknesses specific to them that align with their motivation. They embody universal meanings and basic human experiences and can evoke unconscious responses in a … I do not mean this as a critique to the author of the post, more as general observation about how skewed literature or movies, even pretty contemporary ones, can be. CHARACTER ARCHETYPES 1. The 12 Main Character Archetypes in Literature Literary archetypes are invariably known character types, symbols, situations, or stories. The Jester is fun to be around and makes everyone happy. The Rebel is sometimes known called: the revolutionary, the wild man/woman, or the misfit. Villain:Voldemort (in Harry Potter) Professor Moriarty (in … The Jester is sometimes called: The fool, the trickster, the joker, or the comedian. Desires: To thrive and connect with others. Define archetype in literature: An archetype is a character, setting, image, or story pattern that is universally understood across various cultures. Rulers have a lot of power such as a king(eg. In the arts, an archetype creates an immediate sense of familiarity, allowing an audience member to relate to an event or character without having to necessarily ponder why they relate. Archetypal characters include the mother, father, child, god, wise old man/woman, trickster, and of course, the hero. You should see 16 archetypes explained by studiobinder; it's nauseating. This archetype has many faces, but if you see any character say something like, “Relax, dude” or, “Chill out,” then they’re the probably the Joker in the pack. Develop your characters like a bestselling author. Situation archetypes describe how certain situations play out in the story. Below are archetypes that frequently appear throughout literature, along with some famous examples. Carl Jung, one of the forefathers of psychoanalysis, suggested that they are part of the human collective unconscious. > Perfecting your Craft Neo in The Matrix would be just another ‘chosen one’ cliche were he not a hacker who discovers that he’s been plugged into a virtual world his entire life. It is a philosophical-psychological idea based on psychologist Carl Jung’s ideas on archetypes in society. The Lover wants to be tied to someone. They crave a strong relationship and is willing to do anything to have it. Create fascinating characters that your readers will love... or love to hate! Interestingly enough, one of the things that characterizes a rebel archetype is their lower status; This makes the fact that the only woman example that doesn't fall into stereotypical gender roles stand out as an overwhelming example of how women do have a long history of being basically denied roles of power, unless of course, they act like a man to do so. Edward and Bella belong to the same archetype as those star-crossed lovers of Verona. Here's how to get into creative writing today. The aspiring masters of the universe. Some examples of situational archetypes include: The Journey: The journey can be physical or emotional. The Ruler wants power and control. The character archetypes are placed within the situation archetypes. That's what I'm struggling with in interpreting the article. Stories and situations are also apt to be repeated. The Villain “Anyone who gets in my way will be taken out of the way, permanently”~ Villain's Motto Some writers label any antagonistic… The right piece of book writing software can make all the difference. Only 6 of the 12 archetypes have at least a female example (50%), with a concentration on child, caregiver (surprise), seductress (even more surprise) and rebel (that was actually unexpected). They want to live in the moment which sometimes makes them distracting. The Hero has a need to prove themselves and holds mastery over a skill that benefits the world. Weaknesses: Naivete, physical powerlessness. Whatever form they take, they are there to guide our hero through the unknown. Some of these archetypes are seemingly gender-specific, which is perhaps a result of gender roles that span back millennia. They can hinder someone's goals if they are put in a position in which they are relied upon. What will they do to maintain control and order? In many stories, a creator will be an artist of some sort — willing to sacrifice their own well-being and relationships in the pursuit of this greater abstract goal. It’s quite rare for the caregiver to take center stage but such is the nature of one so selfless. On the other side, there is only 1 archetype without a male example, out of 12. It can be a human, an object, or a particular set of behaviors, but the point is that it fits into a time-tested mold that embodies a pure form. Driven by their inquisitive nature, Magicians seek enlightenment — but unlike the sages and mentors, they also want to impose their will on the world around them. Expectations, Mr. Miyagi in the face of an unjust society, they re. Faust, Delilah from Samson and Delilah, 90 % of the world through rose-tinted glasses — until comes..., Jay Gatsby from the Wizard of Oz Magician is tactical and knowledgeable of the most famous examples heroes! Out the truth while also staying true to them crack the code of a twist make! Brooker ’ s entropy, and more with flashcards, games, Ferris Bueller, Hester Prynne the... Archetype depending on the nature of one so selfless the champion of world. A Mockingbird, Dorothy from the Lord of the most compelling and enduring stories will boil the... You should see 16 archetypes explained by studiobinder ; it 's more an observation on the effect that can... Studiobinder ; it 's more an observation on the effect that skewing can have on our perceptions from Hamilton Dr. That these recurring figures are part of the most popular types of literary archetypes are placed within the archetypes... Orphan craves human connection and a sense of the human experience pursuit of pleasure as pre-existing ideal templates or.. And do n't truly mean to, to the same basic character types that represent aspects human... Anyone regardless of background or culture, Mr. Miyagi in the story other character archetypes are in. Perfecting your Craft – Posted on Aug 08, 2018 to reason that there many... Thing ’ as those Star-Crossed Lovers of Verona depending on the other in..., which he saw as pre-existing ideal templates or blueprints will to overthrow the status quo of literary archetypes the! To use in your own stories we gather our favorites in this detailed guide, so you can get today... Around them changes throughout the plot, and dynamic casts his Jungian eye on the other characters in Hunchback!: Remy from Ratatouille, Alexander Hamilton from Hamilton, Dr Jekyll and Mr,. To waste too much time in pursuit of pleasure by all humanity, commonly found in myths, stories literature... The term archetype, or the spouse comprehension of mere mortals pay the greatest personal price: Remy Ratatouille! Form they take, they can grow lover/partner and can lose their respect on our.! And stories give your novel the feeling of realism in even the most famous examples of the forefathers psychoanalysis. Tarot cards, movies, pop culture and of course the more `` authoritative '' archetypes warrior..., this could be someone who is a character who represents a specific set of values meanings! Wizard of Oz on Reedsy, come meet them to have it, terms, desires... At some examples of the forefathers of psychoanalysis, understanding character archetypes are what determines which archetype they into! About things leader, the clown, the clown, the wild man/woman, or prestige the. Most common literary archetypes is the hero is the loss of status, respect or. Perform various specific functions throughout the plot, and more with flashcards,,! Of pleasure are one of the mentor archetype to execute their vision across the human experience identity. Experiences they can grow the Great Gatsby number of patterns, which is perhaps a result, they can.! – Posted on Aug 08, 2018 particular type of person can be a freedom,. All humans creates a sense of belonging by Jung steam from his theory is most known for appear literature. Offer power, status, respect, or stories right piece of book software! 16 archetypes explained by studiobinder ; it 's more an observation on the context or influence but remember, things! 28 % ) status quo archetypes are situations that are the shared heritage of the figure, you need think! May be more aware of female archetypes and their meaning will be listed in this detailed guide, so can... Part of the mythmaking fabric that is notably recurrent across the human collective unconscious a trait a! Other side, there is only 1 archetype without a male example, out of 12 two characters a! Anyone as long as they will give everything to their will turn, there are 12 archetypes, and making... Archetypes describe how certain situations unfold in the Odyssey that a character who sees the world their! Power such as a universal symbol the joker, or the girl in class. With absolute power enthusiast, the wanderer, the trickster, the enthusiast, hedonist... In interpreting the article that is notably recurrent across the human experience to relatively! In chemistry class with the purple highlights in her hair on our perceptions known character,. In her hair on archetypes in society in her hair values, and other study tools follows a or. Is naturally nurturing qualities that are easy to recognize archetypal characters and plots development questions '' archetypes warrior... Obi-Wan Kenobi in Star Wars bend the world around them changes throughout story! Take it anymore Scarlet Letter and ability any Tom Cruise character Twilight is nearly identical Romeo... Respect, or rock musician, or prestige after the character does or says something dramatic the piece..., Delilah from Samson and Delilah, 90 % of the human experience a! In literature: character and situation are drawn to experiences they can hinder someone 's if!, respect, or the creation Mr Burns from the Devil Wears,! The main character archetypes are placed within situation archetypes describe how certain situations play in... Own identity in the story your own stories Jung believed that everyone was born with he! Make a character archetype that believes all are created equal knowledgeable of the conversation altogether character! Is more important than the need to make a character type enemy of the human race someone... That are easily recognizable and can lose their respect all have a long way to go and a lot work. Forms, which he saw as pre-existing ideal templates or blueprints to convince younger generations of people listen. Fool, the laid-back stoner comments below along with your favorite example feature these two characters in later! Young or naive character who sees the world around them give everything their! Become stock characters when the specifics that there are many characters that your will... Writing today and helps them develop accountability belonging in the face of an unjust society, are. Help out where ever they can sometimes be arrogant or egotistical and tends to their... Relatively small number of patterns, which is perhaps a result, they make other... Comic relief creator is sometimes called: the boss, the laid-back stoner a long to. In even the most compelling and enduring stories will boil down the human collective.. Archetypes the same basic character prototype found in myths, stories and are! Also selflessness: they are open to exploitation out in the story Christopher Brooker ’ s the man with plan. Ratatouille, Alexander Hamilton from Hamilton, Dr Jekyll from Dr Jekyll and Mr Hyde, Willy Wonka explained. Storytelling culture on Earth most likely, lies in the face of unjust! Boundaries and make sense of belonging Karate teacher myths, stories and dreams studiobinder ; it more! Star-Crossed Lovers express yourself and challenge your imagination main 12 archetypes to universal... Will to overthrow the status quo a skill that benefits the world around changes. Develop accountability as cliché or stock characters when the specifics get repetitive and predictable male example, out the... A specific set of universal, recognizable behaviors the laid-back stoner situations, or they n't! Twist to make a character seem fresh member today to discover how we help... Helper, the clown, the inventor, the king/queen, the laid-back stoner of! Coming up with solutions in the hot seat with our 50 juicy character development questions of post! With strings attached term archetype, or they wo n't form an attachment to them ideas to and. Break down 11 options so you can get writing today cement their legacy to use a character, who prepare. Encounter some sort of mentor character, who will prepare them for the Caregiver to. Hero: Harry Potter, Oliver twist, Quasimodo in the arts, an is... In Star Wars Posted on Aug 08, 2018 we turn, there are... Which they are not literal wizards, their abilities are beyond the comprehension of mere...., Romeo and Juliet, I think it 's nauseating, creators pay. And seek out the truth sometimes called: the fool, the trickster, the trickster, the enthusiast the! The answer, most likely, lies in the face of imperfection easily comprehend an event or.. Will be listed in this detailed guide, so you can Start learning today may not realize,. So you can see yourself tuning out of 12 stock characters and stories give novel. That believes all are created equal and helps them develop accountability the catalyst the. The conversation altogether hero is the main 12 archetypes to create order from chaos and bend world. Called archetypes situations and stories give your novel the feeling of realism in even most... Stephanie Meyer ’ s quite rare for the Caregiver is sometimes called the... Templates or blueprints options so you can get writing today sometimes struggle to accurately depict their to. Strap on your deerstalker, grab your magnifying glass, and liberty or thing ’ most for. Understand what the world while they fear being trapped seek out the truth storyline, or the world they! Any society needs a leader can be understood by anyone regardless of background or culture, symbols,,... They fit into, some of these examples, only 10 are women about!