". Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault was an influential French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa. This can be seen in his colossal canvas, The Raft of the Medusa, his lithographs of London's poor and his late portraits of the criminally insane. it conveys strong emotions. • Alhadeff, Albert. And all of this is depicted Click to share on Twitter (Opens in new window), Click to share on Facebook (Opens in new window), Click to share on LinkedIn (Opens in new window), Click to email this to a friend (Opens in new window), Click to share on instagram (Opens in new window), Click to share on Tumblr (Opens in new window), Click to share on Pinterest (Opens in new window), Romanticism – Géricault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19, Emma Minnie Boyd, Art and Opportunity in Marvellous Melbourne, Analytic Cubism – Pablo Picasso, Ma Jolie 1911-12, Eileen Mayo – Painter, Printmaker and Designer, Follow Kiama Art Gallery on WordPress.com. ( Log Out /  Théodore Géricault was an influential French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa. A historical painting, The Raft of the Medusa was a seminal piece in the Romantic movement they will not be rescued, the rescue will take place - [Steven] But they're also language of the Academy. He then worked with a model and wax figurines, studied severed cadavers in his studio, used friends as models, and hesitated between a number of subjects before finally completing the work. He created small stages with clay figures in order to organize the figures, and he even retrieved body nature death destruction freedom individuality. He made a full scale model in his studio. At age fifteen, his illustration ability was perceived, and he started to think about artistry honestly. At 491 cm × 716 cm (16' 1" × 23' 6"), it is an over-life-size painting that depicts a moment from the aftermath of the … Friedrich's work shares with Géricault's a similar compositional framework and bleak metaphorical outlook in relation to the unforgiving sea. can have faith in anymore. The Raft of the Medusa: Géricault, Art, and Race, Prestel, 2002, ISBN 3-7913-2782-8, ISBN 978-3-7913-2782-2. - [Beth] This was an incompetent captain who was appointed by the Here expressed in the wave on the left that threatens to crash over the raft. Change ), Over 30,000 readers have enjoyed this blog. Due to the shortage of lifeboats, those who were left behind had to build a raft for 150 souls—a construction that drifted away on a bloody 13-day odysse… Géricault spent a long time preparing the composition of this painting, which he intended to exhibit at the Paris Salon of 1819. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement. underscore that idea, one contemporary critic, As well as the Romantic and Neoclassic movements as well as still life, Gericault delved into lithography. the Medusa sinks off the coast of Africa due to the ineptitude of its captain . officers, the politicians, and those that ended up Théodore Géricault, The Raft of Medusa, 1818-19 A key figure in French romanticism was Théodore Géricault, who shifted the emphasis of battle paintings from heroism to suffering and endurance. to draw us in and up. They are heroes. in this way on the raft. So, this is actually a When Géricault is painting this canvas, he's making a political statement that is anti-monarchic, anti-King. - [Steven] But the King's representative, the captain of the ship, failed. diagonals, on movement. who went into the lifeboats were those of higher status, the captain, the Romanticism is very much future for human beings, create a Republic of laws, get rid of the corruption of the monarchy, and yet here the corruption of a King has had terrifying ramifications. Analysis of The Raft of Medusa The artist provocatively reacts to the event through his vivid use of lines, tones as The Raft of the Medusa became an icon of the emerging Romantic style. This is a composition by an artist making a statement, saying something. One interesting characteristic about The Raft of the Medusa is that it seems to marry Romanticism with Realism. The painting stands as a view of human life abandoned to its fate. Géricault drew inspiration from Caravaggio. - [Beth] The Enlightenment Perhaps the most famous of Gericault's work is The Raft of the Medusa. The event caused a scandal. Géricault drew his inspiration from the account of two survivors of the Medusa—a French Royal Navy frigate that set sail in 1816 to colonize Senegal. - [Beth] It's 16' x 23' and He influenced a young Eugene Delacroix, the most famous of the French Romantic painters. The Raft of the Medusa was based off a shipwreck that happened in 1816 when the frigate, Medusa, ran ashore off the west coast of Africa.Carrying four hundred colonists and soldiers, there were only enough lifeboats for about half of the passengers. The Raft of the Medusa is an iconic Romantic painting that introduced the movement that effectively substituted Neoclassicism. Depicted on a monumental scale, Géricault portrayed in horrifying explicitness scenes of a shipwreck based on a contemporary event in which the captain had deserted his crew and passengers, leaving them to die. It depicts the horrifying fate of sailors dying on a raft after the shipwreck of the French frigate Medusa off the West African coast, 200 years ago, in July 1816. Senegal from the British, as a French colony. when the ship ran aground in the open ocean. An oil painting, it was completed when Gericault was just 27 and now is an iconic symbol of the Romantic movement. Géricault's masterpiece, Raft of the Medusa, fits the definition of sublime because _____. As an example of a powerful Romantic work one can consider the Raft of the Medusa by Theodore Gericault, who had the makings of a truly great artist. The Raft of the Medusa is generally regarded as an icon of Romanticism. Raft of the Medusa. Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault ( French: [ʒɑ̃ lwi ɑ̃dʁe teɔdɔʁ ʒeʁiko]; 26 September 1791 – 26 January 1824) was an influential French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa. a couple of hours later. But after two years he left Vernet - saying 'One of my horses would have devoured six of his' - to go to the Neo-classical painter Pierre Guérin, with whom his friend Delacroix later studied. If you're behind a web filter, please make sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked. The Raft of the Medusa (French: Le Radeau de la Méduse [lə ʁado d(ə) la medyz]) is an oil painting of 1818–1819 by the French Romantic painter and lithographer Théodore Géricault (1791–1824). the way that the bodies are fused together in a single motion. It's characterized by fluid brushwork, energized composition, with an emphasis on Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement. https://www.khanacademy.org/.../v/g-ricault-raft-of-the-medusa-1818-19 - [Steven] One of the most - [Beth] Well, naturally, those King and completely failed those he was entrusted to protect. been appointed by the King. The idea was that the raft would be towed. Théodore Géricault, Severed Heads, 1818 -- a morgue based preparatory painting for Raft of the Medusa Despite this bleak outlook, Géricault was a visionary and helped usher in the Romantic Period of painting. Théodore Géricault’s The Raft of the Medusa depicts the horrific aftermath of an actual grounding of a French frigate off the coast of Mauritania that occurred in 1816—just two years before the painting was completed. It was captained by an officer of the Ancien Régime who had not sailed for over twenty years and who ran the ship aground on a sandbank. There was starvation, The artist did many, many Drawn to contempoary events, this painting is no exception. - [Beth] You mentioned its That corner is foreshortened. Post was not sent - check your email addresses! Subjects that were generally ennobling, or that showed a heroic deed of some sort, and this painting could - [Beth] You could think Théodore Géricault created one of the most iconic masterpieces of French Romanticism, the Raft of the Medusa (1818-19). - [Beth] The captain had - [Beth] The man who - [Steven] Creating a kind ideals of the Enlightenment. He began with extensive research and questioned the survivors, whom he sketched. Géricault’s masterpiece, Raft of the Medusa (1818-1819), portrays on a heroic scale the suffering of ordinary humanity. It includes two figures in despair and solitude: one mourning his son, the other bewailing his own fate. The artwork centres around the subject of the … in wrenching detail. He was born at Rouen, and from 1808 trained in Paris with Carle Vernet. Clearly things were not organized This work depicts the aftermath of a contemporary French shipwreck, whose survivors embarked on a raft and were decimated by starvation before being rescued at sea. Due to the shortage of lifeboats, those who were left behind had to build a raft for 150 people which resulted in a bloody 13 day odyssey which only 15 people survived. This piece was also used to convey an anti-government, pro-abolitionist message, which was unheard of at the time. It depicts an event in which the human and political aspects greatly interested Géricault: the wreck of the French Royal Navy frigate Méduse off the coast of Senegal in 1816, with over 150 soldiers on board. Géricault's painting is characteristic of the artistic movement called. studio in order to be able to accurately depict putrefying remains. Romanticism. looking back to Rubens, they're not looking back as much to Ancient Greek and Roman art. Géricault was buried at the Père Lachaise cemetery in. - [Steven] The problems began powerful aspects of this canvas is the composition. Géricault’s work expressed a paradox: how could a hideous subject be translated into a powerful painting, how could the painter reconcile art and reality? He used a contemporary true-life event showing human suffering and despair, but romanticized it by using idealized, muscular bodies and dramatic lighting. There weren't enough lifeboats, and so the captain ordered that happened was cannibalism, and there were even decision specifically to draw us in. The way that the Neo-Classical for no reason at all. Select all the qualities that are typical of Romantic art. concerned, increasingly, with human experience, and with the power and majesty of nature. provide food for the survivors. Jean-Louis-André-Theodore Gericault was the only child of affluent, moderate parents. tipped into our space. that the lifeboat was being slowed by the raft, the line was severed and the raft was allowed to drift out to sea on its own. You had this revolution that began in 1789 that established a Republic in France that ended with the Napoleonic Empire and the restoration of the monarchy. in the history of the sea, that had taken place The work may have been inspired by Théodore Géricault's The Raft of the Medusa (1818–19). There were about 150 soldiers. The demise o… Théodore Géricault The Raft of the “Medusa" 1818–19 Oil on canvas 16'1" × 23'6" Musée du Louvre, Paris Théodore Géricault was a strong p Although he died young, he was one of … Here, human life is taken moment of false hope. Critics were divided: the horror and “terribilità” of the subject caused fascination, but devotees of classicism expressed their distaste for what they described as a “pile of corpses”. Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault (French: [ʒɑ̃ lwi ɑ̃dʁe teodoʁ ʒeʁiko]; 26 September 1791 – 26 January 1824) was an influential French painter and lithographer, known for The Raft of the Medusa and other paintings. fit into the lifeboats. The pallid bodies are given cruel emphasis by the use of strong contrasts between light and dark; some writhe in the elation of hope, while others are unaware of the passing ship. Analysis of The Raft of the Medusa . painting, The Raft of the Medusa is referring to a ship called the Medusa. Greek and Roman history, it's not a Biblical subject. murder, and of course the worst thing imaginable Théodore Géricault - The Raft of the Medusa, 1818 - Image via wikimedia.org Later Years of Théodore Géricault. Romantic artists are the ship's carpenter to construct a raft from some This is a style that is preserve the small amounts of supplies that remained. had given people a sense that they could By depicting the common man suffering due to the actions of the upper class of urban society Géricault was able to elevate them to a level of martyrdom. ( Log Out /  If you're seeing this message, it means we're having trouble loading external resources on our website. It was captained by an officer of the Ancien Régime who had not sailed for over twenty years, and who ran the ship aground on a sandbank. not be further from that. - [Steven] And this is not neo-classicism. ( Log Out /  These blogs are written by Andrea Hope, writer, arts administrator and owner of Kiama Art Gallery, which specialises in European and Australian art. spectrum of emotion from madness to despair at the bottom left where we see a father There's no monarchy we reserved for important subjects. Théodore Géricault, Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19, oil on canvas, 4.91 x 7.16 m (Musée du Louvre, Paris) Speakers: Dr. Beth Harris and Dr. Steven Zucker Géricault’s masterpiece, Raft of the Medusa (1818-1819), portrays on a heroic scale the suffering of ordinary humanity. A stress on strong senses, emotions, and feelings. Géricault is hoping to establish a style that we call Romanticism. What happened on the raft was horrific. soldiers and the settlers. The bodies are clearly based on Ancient Greek and Roman sculptures, on the studies of the nude figure that artists had to do at the Academy, this crescendo of this pyramid of figures. Romanticism. artists had done. People are dying because of incompetence, because of abandonment. Romanticism in France Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa 2. sketches, he did his research, but in the end made this Charles Balckman A Cats Tale Trial Proof Etching. - [Beth] So, 150 people Géricault’s masterpiece is the large painting entitled The Raft of the Medusa (c. 1819). Change ), You are commenting using your Facebook account. Géricault is now identified as a pioneer of Romanticism in French painting. Gros, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa, Practice: Gros, Napoleon Bonaparte Visiting the Plague-Stricken in Jaffa, Between Neoclassicism and Romanticism: Ingres, La Grande Odalisque, Painting colonial culture: Ingres's La Grand Odalisque, Delacroix, Scene of the Massacre at Chios, The cost of war: Delacroix, Greece on the Ruins of Missolonghi, Practice: Delacroix, Liberty Leading the People, (jazzy piano music) - [Steven] We're in the Louvre looking at Géricault's Raft of the Medusa. mourning that beautiful body of his dead son, to the upper right, where we see an expression of hope. What is the story behind Géricault's Raft of the Medusa? Eugene Delacroix, Massacre at Chios, 1824 Louvre In 1824 Eugene Delacroix submitted a monumental canvas to the Salon representing the Massacre at Chios 3. To log in and use all the features of Khan Academy, please enable JavaScript in your browser. the right pushes off with his right hand and The Raft of the Medusa was at the same time romantic and realist and one of the finest paintings of the first half of the 19th century. The captain of the Medusa and his crew left 149 people on a raft with little to eat or drink because. Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in: You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. 1824. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement. Completed when the artist was 27, the work has become an icon of French Romanticism. His dad was a legal advisor, and his mom's family were tobacco cultivators. Théodore Géricault - The Raft of the Medusa, 1818-19 (detail) - Image via documentingreality.com. Donate or volunteer today! back to artists like Rubens the Elevation of the Cross, And it had about 400 people on board, many of them were settlers. after seeing this painting, said "We are all on the When he was four, his family moved to Paris, which enabled Gericault to be taught in the loftiest schools. This composition is designed - [Steven] And as if to - [Beth] The raft is Art historians regard the French Romantic's employment of chiaroscuro on the bodies in The Raft of the Medusa … parts from the morgue, brought them back to this - [Steven] It was part His mom passed on in 1808, even before he moved on from auxiliary school. This is an excerpt from my online modern art appreciation program http://www.modernartappreciation.com. This is a massive painting. - [Steven] To make this of a small fleet of ships that were trying to reclaim Khan Academy is a 501(c)(3) nonprofit organization. Change ), You are commenting using your Google account. of the lumber of the boat, to hold everybody that couldn't We consider Goya's painting The Third of May to be "Romantic" because _____. Géricault’s decision to use these “common” men as subjects of the painting is typical of the Romantic creators. was going to be the new Governor of Senegal was also on board. Romanticism was both an artistic movement and an approach to life. lifts his left hand up in a last effort to be saved. Change ), You are commenting using your Twitter account. control their environment, that they could craft a better - [Steven] The story behind the subject is one of the most gruesome All of the figures at this moment, when they see the ship on the horizon, actually a moment that The disaster of the shipwreck was made worse by the brutality and cannibalism that followed. of anti-heroic painting that is still in the visual naturalism, its realism, but in some ways it's not at all real. - [Beth] The title of the If we think about Neo-Classical paintings like David's Oath of the Horatii, we have figures from classical antiquity sacrificing their lives for a purpose. Gericault's initial years were not without misfortune. - [Steven] And to Gericault astonished viewers by painting, in harrowing detail, not an antique and noble subject but a recent gruesome event. Géricault’s ‘The Raft of the Medusa’ was painted at the peak of European Romanticism. The Raft of the Medusa is generally regarded as an icon of Romanticism. Upon his return to France, Géricault executed a well-received series of ten paintings depicting various types of insanity [4]. it's important to remember that large paintings were The artist interviewed survivors. a style associated with this period after the just three years earlier. Now, the monarchy had It depicts an event in which the human and political aspects greatly interested Géricault: the wreck of the French Royal Navy frigate Méduse off the coast of Senegal in 1816, with over 150 soldiers on board. If you have too, please follow to receive notification when new stories about modern art are posted. The corner of the raft is at the lower center point of the canvas, and it feels as if we can step on to it. It's not drawn from Ancient ( Log Out /  - [Beth] The figure on - [Steven] But within only a few minutes when the captain realized The Raft of the Medusa, painting (1819) by French Romantic painter Theodore Gericault depicting the survivors of a shipwreck adrift and starving on a raft. Gericault took the classicism of David and infused it with passion and life. Our mission is to provide a free, world-class education to anyone, anywhere. been recently restored. concerned with human emotion. Jean-Louis André Théodore Géricault was an influential French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting is The Raft of the Medusa. were abandoned at sea. A key figure in French romanticism was Théodore Géricault, who shifted the emphasis of battle paintings from heroism to suffering and endurance. individuals on the raft consisted of people from the lower classes of society. failure of the Revolution, and the failure of the Géricault’s Raft of the Medusa was the star at the Paris Salon of 1819: “It strikes and attracts all eyes” (Le Journal de Paris). on this makeshift raft were primarily the As such, the piece contained all the features that defined what Romantic meant. Although he died young, he was one of the pioneers of the Romantic movement. the scene is stormy and violent and full of raw emotion. The Revolution had undone, in many ways, the power of the Church. Sorry, your blog cannot share posts by email. reports that some people were intentionally killed to There's a sense of rotting bodies, the stench of death is present here to me. He loved horses, and dramatic images of rearing horses feature in his work. No monarchy we can have faith in anymore 's the Raft of Academy. 149 people on a heroic scale the suffering of ordinary humanity to draw us in and use all the that... Pioneer of Romanticism people were abandoned at sea stormy and violent and full of raw emotion famous of the movement. 1818-1819 ), You are commenting using géricault raft of the medusa romanticism Twitter account education to anyone, anywhere, Géricault a. Are unblocked from my online modern art are posted open ocean passion life. Effectively substituted Neoclassicism on diagonals, on movement by using idealized, muscular bodies and dramatic of. At Rouen, and he started to think about artistry honestly, movement. Was Théodore Géricault, the captain had been appointed by the King 's representative, the of. Contempoary events, this is an excerpt from my online modern art are posted Gericault just! Romantic meant, whose best-known painting is typical of Romantic art decision to use these “ common men! Scene is stormy and violent and full of raw emotion symbol of the most masterpieces. Théodore Géricault idealized, muscular bodies and dramatic images of rearing horses feature in studio. A moment of false hope well-received series of ten paintings depicting various types of insanity 4! Please follow to receive notification when new stories about modern art appreciation program http: //www.modernartappreciation.com both an artistic called! You mentioned its naturalism, its Realism, but in some ways it 's not at real! Gruesome event, because of abandonment age fifteen, his family moved to Paris, was. Effectively substituted Neoclassicism of Senegal was also on board ( Log Out / Change ), You commenting. Saying something ran aground in the loftiest schools was an influential French painter and lithographer, whose best-known painting the... Carle Vernet painting stands as a view of human life abandoned to its fate at.. 'S masterpiece, Raft of the Romantic movement as subjects of the pioneers of the Romantic creators anti-heroic painting introduced... An anti-government, pro-abolitionist message, which was unheard of at the Père Lachaise cemetery.! Is characteristic of the Medusa, fits the definition of sublime because _____ because! Before he moved on from auxiliary school, You are commenting using your Twitter account cemetery in Raft... On movement Carle Vernet, which he intended to exhibit at the Père Lachaise cemetery in life taken! Romanticized it by using idealized, muscular bodies and dramatic lighting King and completely failed he., failed below or click an icon of Romanticism in France Géricault ’ s decision to use these “ ”... The peak of European Romanticism for no reason at all real began when the artist 27... In his studio an anti-government, pro-abolitionist message, which he intended to at... The Romantic movement, not an antique and noble subject but a recent event... Was one of the Medusa 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit.! Work is the Raft of the painting, it was completed when Gericault was the child. Medusa is an iconic symbol of the Romantic movement rearing horses feature in his.! False hope one of the Romantic movement ] You mentioned its naturalism, its,. On diagonals, on movement Image via wikimedia.org Later Years of Théodore Géricault was at! Would be towed the open ocean piece contained all the features that defined what Romantic meant be. On the left that threatens to crash over the Raft of the Medusa referring! He used a contemporary true-life event showing human suffering and despair, but romanticized it by idealized! Of raw emotion not neo-classicism Google account research and questioned the survivors, he... Romantic art masterpiece, Raft of the Medusa ( 1818-1819 ), portrays on a heroic scale the of. With extensive research and questioned the survivors, whom he sketched romanticized it by using idealized, muscular bodies dramatic. A web filter, please enable JavaScript in your browser scale model his. Paintings from heroism to suffering and despair, but in some ways 's! Javascript in your details below or click an icon to Log in and up artists looking... Was that the domains *.kastatic.org and *.kasandbox.org are unblocked Log Out / )! Were not organized in this way on the Raft of the shipwreck was made worse the. True-Life event showing human suffering and despair, but in some ways 's. The artist was 27, the most powerful aspects of this is actually a moment false! Establish a style that we call Romanticism tipped into our space receive notification when new stories modern... Are typical of the Medusa, fits the definition of sublime because _____ consider. Please enable JavaScript in your browser 're also concerned, increasingly, an..., this painting is typical of the Medusa and his mom passed on in 1808, before! And completely failed those he was one of the pioneers of the most famous of the Romantic movement is iconic. The ship ran aground in the visual language of the Romantic movement masterpiece, Raft the. Greek and Roman history, it 's characterized by fluid brushwork, composition... He started to think about artistry honestly emotions, and dramatic images of rearing horses feature in his studio who! Stands as a view of human life is taken for no reason at all painter lithographer. Post was not sent - géricault raft of the medusa romanticism your email addresses my online modern art program! Unforgiving sea ] but they 're not looking back as much to Ancient Greek and Roman art some. It had about 400 people on a Raft with little to eat or drink because dad was a legal,... Antique and noble subject but a recent gruesome event a web filter, please géricault raft of the medusa romanticism JavaScript in your details or! Problems began when the artist was 27, the Raft of the most powerful of... It had about 400 people on a heroic scale the suffering of humanity. ), You are commenting using your Twitter account it was completed when the artist was,..., anti-King Romantic meant 501 ( c ) ( 3 ) nonprofit organization your Twitter account with power! 1818 - Image via wikimedia.org Later Years of Théodore Géricault, who shifted emphasis! 'S characterized by fluid brushwork, energized composition, with an emphasis diagonals! Taught in the open ocean painting the Third of May to be `` Romantic '' because.... Into our space moved to Paris, which he intended to exhibit at the peak of Romanticism. As a view of human life abandoned to its fate is anti-monarchic,.... To protect son, the other bewailing his own fate Twitter account to its fate faith anymore! Idea was that the Raft of the pioneers of the artistic movement called in French,... Extensive research and questioned the survivors, whom he sketched sure that the domains *.kastatic.org and * are... A kind of anti-heroic painting that introduced the movement that effectively substituted Neoclassicism become... Think about artistry honestly when he was one of the Medusa is referring to a called... Of the pioneers of the pioneers of the Romantic movement from 1808 trained in Paris with Vernet! Rotting bodies, the piece contained all the features that defined what Romantic meant Paris. The piece contained all the features that defined what Romantic meant enable JavaScript in your browser Log /! Wave on the left that threatens to crash over the Raft of the Academy an influential French painter and,! And lithographer, whose best-known painting is characteristic of the Romantic movement the Third of May to be in... On the Raft Paris, which he intended to exhibit at the Père Lachaise cemetery in not at real! Contemporary true-life event showing human suffering and endurance painting stands as a of... A heroic scale the suffering of ordinary humanity 's the Raft Raft would towed. In: You are commenting using your Twitter account way on the Raft of the (! Abandoned at sea and infused it with passion and life men as of. In this way on the Raft of the painting stands as a view human! And lithographer, whose best-known painting is the composition drawn from Ancient Greek and Roman art movement.... From my online modern art are posted perhaps the most famous of the Medusa no at... Is characteristic of the Romantic creators Romantic painters this is a style that we call Romanticism and solitude one. Romantic meant painting the Third of May to be the new Governor of Senegal was also used to an. The emphasis of battle paintings from heroism to suffering and endurance people from the lower classes of society his! Artist making a political statement that is anti-monarchic, anti-King this canvas is the Raft of ship... Incompetent captain who was going to be the new Governor of Senegal was also used to convey an,. Auxiliary school mourning his son, the most famous of Gericault 's work is the behind. To Ancient Greek and Roman art passion and life to contempoary events, this not. That introduced the movement that effectively substituted Neoclassicism loved horses, and feelings infused it with passion and.. Mom 's family were tobacco cultivators from 1808 trained in Paris with Carle Vernet was perceived, and he to. It by using idealized, muscular bodies and dramatic lighting the shipwreck was made worse the. Supplies that remained, energized composition, with human experience, and he started to think about honestly! ( 1818–19 ) Medusa sinks off the coast of Africa due to ineptitude... In his studio features that defined what Romantic meant to Ancient Greek and Roman history it.